Central Nervous System Tumors - Childhood: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 04/2015

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about how many children are diagnosed with a CNS tumor each year and some general survival information. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. To see other pages, use the menu on the side of your screen.

Approximately 4,000 CNS tumors are diagnosed each year in children younger than 20. CNS tumors are the second most common childhood cancer, after leukemia. The five-year survival rate is the percentage of people who survive at least five years after the tumor is found. The overall five-year survival rate of children with a CNS tumor is 72%.

Survival statistics should be interpreted with caution. These estimates are based on data from thousands of children with this type of tumor, so the actual risk for a particular individual may be different. It is not possible to tell a person how long he or she will live with a CNS tumor. Because the survival statistics are measured in five-year intervals, they may not represent advances made in the treatment or diagnosis of this tumor. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's (ACS) publication, Cancer Facts and Figures 2015, and the ACS website.

The next section in this guide is Medical Illustrations and it offers drawings of body parts often affected by this disease. Or, use the menu on the left side of your screen to choose another section to continue reading this guide.