Central Nervous System Tumors - Childhood: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 07/2016

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about the number of children who are diagnosed with a CNS tumor each year. You will read general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. Use the menu to see other pages.

Approximately 4,820 brain and other CNS tumors will be diagnosed this year in children younger than 20 in the United States.  After leukemia, brain and other CNS tumors are the second most common childhood cancers, accounting for about 26% of cancer in children younger than 15.

The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of people live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. The 5-year survival rate for children with a CNS tumor is 73%.

It is important to remember that statistics on the survival rates for children with a CNS tumor are an estimate. The estimate comes from annual data based on the number of children with this cancer in the United States. Also, experts measure the survival statistics every 5 years. So the estimate may not show the results of better diagnosis or treatment available for less than 5 years. People should talk with their child’s doctor if they have questions about this information. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's (ACS) publication, Cancer Facts and Figures 2017, the ACS website, and the Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States.

The next section in this guide is Medical Illustrations. It offers drawings of body parts often affected by this disease. Or, use the menu on the left side of your screen to choose another section to continue reading this guide.