Laryngeal and Hypopharyngeal Cancer: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 10/2015

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about how many people are diagnosed with these types of cancer each year and some general survival information. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. To see other pages, use the menu on the side of your screen.

Laryngeal cancer

Laryngeal cancer is one of the most common types of head and neck cancer. This year, an estimated 13,560 adults (10,720 men and 2,840 women) in the United States will be diagnosed with laryngeal cancer. It is estimated that 3,640 deaths (2,890 men and 750 women) from this disease will occur this year.

The five-year survival rate is the percentage of people who survive at least five years after the cancer is found. The five-year survival rate for laryngeal cancer depends on the location of the cancer (glottis, supraglottis, or subglottis, as explained in the Overview section) and the stage.

  • Glottis. Survival rates for people with cancer in the glottis range from 90% when the cancer is found at the earliest stage to 44% in the most advanced stage, when the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

  • Supraglottis. For cancer in the supraglottis, the rates are 59% for the earliest stage to 34% for the most advanced stage.

  • Subglottis. For cancer in the subglottis, survival rates range from 65% at the earliest stage to 32% at the most advanced stage.

Hypopharyngeal cancer

Each year, an estimated 3,400 adults (2,725 men and 675 women) in the United States will be diagnosed with hypopharyngeal cancer.

Survival rates for hypopharyngeal cancer vary based on a variety of factors, particularly the stage. If the cancer is found at an early, localized stage, the five-year survival rate of people with hypopharyngeal cancer is 53%. If the cancer has spread to nearby areas and/or lymph nodes, the five-year survival rate is 39%. If the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body, the five-year survival rate is 24%.

Cancer survival statistics should be interpreted with caution. These estimates are based on data from thousands of people with this type of cancer in the United States each year, so the actual risk for a particular individual may be different. It is not possible to tell a person how long he or she will live with laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer. Because statistics are often measured in five-year intervals, they may not represent advances made in the treatment or diagnosis of this cancer. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society’s (ACS) publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2015, and the ACS website.

The next section in this guide is Medical Illustrations, and it offers a drawing of the head and neck region. Or, use the menu on the left side of your screen to choose another section to continue reading this guide.