Laryngeal and Hypopharyngeal Cancer: Statistics

This section has been reviewed and approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 04/2014

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about how many people learn they have these types of cancer each year and some general survival information. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. To see other pages, use the menu on the side of your screen.

Laryngeal cancer is one of the most common head and neck cancers. This year, an estimated 12,630 adults (10,000 men and 2,630 women) in the United States will be diagnosed with laryngeal cancer. It is estimated that 3,610 deaths (2,870 men and 740 women) from this disease will occur this year.

Each year, an estimated 3,400 adults (2,725 men and 675 women) in the United States will be diagnosed with hypopharyngeal cancer.

The five-year survival rate is the percentage of people who survive at least five years after the cancer is detected, excluding those who die from other diseases. Survival rates for hypopharyngeal cancer vary based on a variety of factors, particularly the stage. If the cancer is found at an early, localized stage, the five-year survival rate of people with hypopharyngeal cancer is 53%. If the cancer has spread to nearby areas and/or lymph nodes, the five-year survival rate is 39%. If the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body, the five-year survival rate is 24%.

The five-year survival rate for laryngeal cancer depends on the location of the cancer (glottis, supraglottis, or subglottis, as explained in the Overview section) and the stage. Survival rates for people with cancer in the glottis range from 90% when the cancer is found at the earliest stage to 44% in the most advanced stage, when the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. For cancer in the supraglottis, the rates are 59% for the earliest stage to 35% for the most advanced stage. And regarding people with cancer in the subglottis, the rates range from 65% at the earliest stage to 32% at the most advanced stage.

Cancer survival statistics should be interpreted with caution. These estimates are based on data from thousands of people with this type of cancer in the United States each year, but the actual risk for a particular individual may differ. It is not possible to tell a person how long he or she will live with laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer. Because statistics are often measured in five-year intervals, they may not represent advances made in the treatment or diagnosis of this cancer. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society’s publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2014, and the American Cancer Society website.

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