Leukemia - Acute Myeloid - AML - Childhood: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 01/2013

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about how many children are diagnosed with this type of cancer each year and some general survival information. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. To see other pages, use the menu on the side of your screen.

In general, leukemia is the most common childhood cancer. AML is the second most common form of leukemia in children, after acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). About 500 children and 230 adolescents in the United States are diagnosed with AML each year. Childhood AML is most common during the first two years of life and during the teenage years.

The five-year survival rate is the percentage of people who survive at least five years after the cancer is found. The five-year survival rate for children under 14 with AML is 64%. However, the survival rates for AML vary based on the subtype.

Cancer survival statistics should be interpreted with caution. These estimates are based on data from thousands of children with this type of cancer, so the actual risk for a particular individual may be different. It is not possible to tell a child how long he or she will live with AML. Because the survival statistics are measured in five-year intervals, they may not represent advances made in the treatment or diagnosis of this cancer. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Source: American Cancer Society and St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital.

The next section in this guide is Medical Illustrations and it offers drawings of body parts often affected by this disease. Or, use the menu on the left side of your screen to choose another section to continue reading this guide.