Leukemia - Acute Myeloid - AML - Childhood: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 07/2015

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about how many children are diagnosed with this type of cancer each year. You will also learn some general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. To see other pages, use the menu on the side of your screen.

In general, leukemia is the most common childhood cancer. AML is the second most common form of leukemia in children, after acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). About 500 children and in the United States are diagnosed with AML each year. Childhood AML is most common during the first 2 years of life and during the teenage years.

The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of children live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. The 5-year survival rate for children with AML is 65%. However, the survival rates for AML vary based on the subtype.

It is important to remember that statistics on how many children survive this type of cancer are an estimate. The estimate comes from data based on many children with this cancer in the United States each year. So, your own child’s risk may be different. Doctors cannot say for sure how long any child will live with AML. Also, experts measure the survival statistics every 5 years. This means that the estimate may not show the results of better diagnosis or treatment available for less than 5 years. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's (ACS) publication, Cancer Facts and Figures 2016, the ACS website, and St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital.

The next section in this guide is Medical Illustrations. It offers drawings of body parts often affected by this disease. Or, use the menu on the left side of your screen to choose another section to continue reading this guide.