Oncologist-approved cancer information from the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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Medulloblastoma - Childhood

This section has been reviewed and approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 5/2013
Risk Factors

ON THIS PAGE: You will find out more about what factors increase the chance of developing medulloblastoma. To see other pages in this guide, use the colored boxes on the right side of your screen, or click “Next” at the bottom.

A risk factor is anything that increases a person’s chance of developing a tumor. Although risk factors often influence the development of a tumor, most do not directly cause a tumor. Some people with several risk factors never develop a tumor, while others with no known risk factors do.

Doctors don’t know what causes most childhood cancers, including medulloblastoma. Medulloblastoma is more common in boys than in girls. It occurs most often in the first eight years of life, with about half occurring in children younger than six years old.

In rare situations, children with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS), a hereditary condition also known as Gorlin syndrome, have an increased risk of developing medulloblastoma. People with NBCCS are more likely to develop various tumors.

Choose “Next” (below, right) to continue reading this guide to learn about what symptoms medulloblastoma can cause. Or, use the colored boxes located on the right side of your screen to visit any section.

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