Sarcoma - Kaposi: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 07/2014

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about how many people are diagnosed with this type of sarcoma each year and some general survival information. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. To see other pages, use the menu on the side of your screen.

Kaposi sarcoma occurs in less than 1% of the general population. Before HIV/AIDS was widespread, Kaposi sarcoma was rare, with about two people diagnosed for every one million Americans. By the early 1990s, that rate had increased to about 47 cases per one million people, most of which were people with HIV/AIDS. This number has significantly decreased in recent years to about six cases per million people because of more effective treatments for HIV/AIDS. About one in 200 transplant recipients in the United States develops Kaposi sarcoma.

The five-year survival rate is the percentage of people who survive at least five years after the cancer is found. When HIV and AIDS first became widespread, the five-year survival rate of people with Kaposi sarcoma was less than 10%. Now the most recent data from the National Cancer Institute shows five-year survival rates of about 72%. More effective treatments for HIV/AIDS are improving the survival rate both by treating the infections associated with HIV/AIDS and the Kaposi sarcoma.

Cancer survival statistics should be interpreted with caution. These estimates are based on data from thousands of people with this type of cancer, but the actual risk for a particular individual may be different. It is not possible to tell a person how long he or she will live with Kaposi sarcoma. Because the survival statistics are measured in five-year intervals, they may not represent advances made in the treatment or diagnosis of this cancer. It is not possible to tell a person how long he or she will live with Kaposi sarcoma. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the National Cancer Institute and the American Cancer Society.

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