ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about the numbers of women diagnosed with vaginal cancer each year. You will learn general information about surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. Use the menu to see other pages.
Vaginal cancer is uncommon. This year, an estimated 4,620 women in the United States will be diagnosed with vaginal cancer.
It is estimated that 950 deaths from this disease will occur this year.
Survival rates for vaginal cancer vary based on different factors, including the stage (or extent) of the disease at the time of diagnosis. The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of women live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100.
If cancer is found at the earliest stage before it has spread (stage I; see Stages), the 5-year survival rate is 84%. If the cancer has not spread outside the vagina (stage II), the 5-year survival rate is 75%. If it is found after the cancer has spread outside of the vaginal wall (Stage III or IV), the 5-year survival rate is 57%.
It is important to remember that statistics describing the number of women who survive this type of cancer are an estimate. The estimate comes from data based on thousands of women with this cancer in the United States each year. So, your own risk may be different. Doctors cannot give a specific time for how long any woman will live with metastatic vaginal cancer. Experts measure the survival statistics every 5 years. This means that the estimate may not show the results of better diagnosis or treatments that have been available for less than 5 years. Learn more about understanding statistics.
Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's (ACS) publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2016, and the ACS website.
The next section in this guide is Medical Illustrations. It offers drawings of body parts often affected by this disease. Use the menu to choose a different section to continue reading in this guide.