Vulvar Cancer: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 08/2015

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about how many women are diagnosed with vulvar cancer each year. You will also learn some general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. To see other pages, use the menu on the side of your screen.

This year, an estimated 5,950 women in the United States will be diagnosed with vulvar cancer. Its incidence is increasing in young women because of its association with the human papillomavirus (HPV). See the Risk Factors section for more information on HPV.

It is estimated that 1,110 deaths from this disease will occur this year.

The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of women live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. The 5-year survival rate for women with vulvar cancer is 86%.  However, survival rates depends on several factors, including the type of vulvar cancer and the stage of disease at the time it is diagnosed.

The 5-year survival rate for cancer that has not spread beyond the vulva is 86%. For cancer that has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 54%. The survival rate is 16% if the cancer has spread to a distant part of the body.

It is important to remember that statistics on how many women survive this type of cancer are an estimate. The estimate comes from data based on thousands of people with this cancer in the United States each year. So, your own risk may be different. Doctors cannot say for sure how long any woman will live with vulvar cancer. Also, experts measure the survival statistics every 5 years. This means that the estimate may not show the results of better diagnosis or treatment available for less than 5 years. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's (ACS) publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2016, and the ACS website.

The next section in this guide is Risk Factors and Prevention. It explains what factors may increase the chance of developing this disease. Or, use the menu on the side of your screen to choose another section to continue reading this guide.