Vulvar Cancer: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 08/2015

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about how many women are diagnosed with vulvar cancer each year and some general survival information. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. To see other pages, use the menu on the side of your screen.

This year, an estimated 5,150 women in the United States will be diagnosed with vulvar cancer. Vulvar cancer accounts for about 4% of cancers in female reproductive organs and 0.6% of all cancers in women. Its incidence is increasing in young women because of its association with the human papillomavirus (HPV). See the Risk Factors section for more information on HPV.

It is estimated that 1,080 deaths from this disease will occur this year.

The five-year survival rate is the percentage of people who survive at least five years after the cancer is found. For women with vulvar cancer, the five-year survival rate depends on several factors, including the type of vulvar cancer and the stage (or extent) of disease at the time it is diagnosed.

The five-year survival rate for cancer that has not spread beyond the vulva is 86%. For cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes, the five-year survival rate is 54%. The survival rate is 16% for cancer that has spread to distant organs.

Cancer survival statistics should be interpreted with caution. These estimates are based on data from thousands of women with this type of cancer in the United States each year, so the actual risk for a particular individual may be different. It is not possible to tell a woman how long she will live with vulvar cancer. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's (ACS) publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2015, and the ACS website.

The next section in this guide is Risk Factors and Prevention and it explains what factors may increase the chance of developing this disease. Or, use the menu on the side of your screen to choose another section to continue reading this guide.