Vulvar Cancer: Symptoms and Signs

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 08/2015

ON THIS PAGE: You will find out more about body changes and other things that can signal a problem that may need medical care. To see other pages, use the menu on the side of your screen.

Women with vulvar cancer may experience the following symptoms or signs. Sometimes, women with vulvar cancer do not show any of these symptoms. Or, these symptoms may be caused by a medical condition that is not cancer.

  • A lump or growth in or on the vulvar area

  • A patch of skin that is differently textured or colored than the rest of the vulvar area

  • Persistent itching, pain, soreness, or burning in the vulvar area

  • Painful urination

  • Bleeding or discharge that is not menstrual blood

  • An ulcer that persists for more than one month

  • A change in the appearance of an existing mole (specific to vulvar melanoma)

  • Wart-like growths that are similar to genital warts

If you are concerned about one or more of the symptoms or signs on this list, please talk with your doctor. Your doctor will ask how long and how often you’ve been experiencing the symptom(s), in addition to other questions. This is to help find out the cause of the problem, called a diagnosis.

If cancer is diagnosed, relieving symptoms remains an important part of cancer care and treatment. This may also be called symptom management, palliative care, or supportive care. Be sure to talk with your health care team about symptoms you experience, including any new symptoms or a change in symptoms.

The next section in this guide is Diagnosis and it explains what tests may be needed to learn more about the cause of the symptoms. Or, use the menu on the side of your screen to choose another section to continue reading this guide.