Genetics

In the Future, Patients with a Rare Neoplastic Joint Disease May Have a New Treatment Option

ASCO Annual Meeting
May 14, 2014

Early-stage research suggests that a new targeted drug, PLX3397, could become a treatment option for people with a neoplastic joint disorder called pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS). PVNS is a rare joint condition that usually affects the hip or knee, causing tumors to form in these joints that destroy joint tissue and cause severe, life-changing symptoms. PVNS is a type of uncontrollable cell growth, similar to a cancer, but it is not considered a cancer because it usually does not spread to other parts of the body.

Patients with Lung Cancer Harboring a Rare HER2 Alteration May Benefit from anti-HER2 Therapy

JCO Research Round Up
April 22, 2013

New findings from a retrospective study suggest that targeted anti-HER2 therapy may slow disease progression in patients with advanced lung cancer who carry a specific alteration in HER2—a protein that controls cancer growth and spread, found on some cancer cells, such as breast, ovarian, and lung cancer cells.

More Complete Family Histories Needed to Recommend Genetic Testing

ASCO Annual Meeting
June 4, 2012

In 2011, ASCO's Quality Oncology Practice Initiative (QOPI) tested how a patient's family history was collected and whether genetic testing was recommended for patients with breast or colorectal cancers. QOPI is a national program designed to measure the care provided to patients so each doctor's office or treatment center that participates in the program can use that information to improve the cancer care they provide.

New Analysis Provides Clearer Picture of Cancer Risks Associated With Lynch Syndrome

JCO Research Round Up
February 13, 2012

Lynch syndrome is an inherited condition of cancer predisposition caused by mutations in certain genes involved in repairing DNA damage, called “mismatch repair” genes. A new study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology provides a new, clearer picture of the cancer risks that carriers of these mutations face, which could ultimately help guide future screening efforts to detect these cancers at an early stage.

Vigorous Exercise Linked With Difference in How Genes in the Prostate Affect the Body

A new study showed that men with early-stage prostate cancer who exercise vigorously at least three hours a week have genes that are expressed differently in the prostate than those who do not exercise as intensely. Genes are small individual collections of information within each cell of the human body. How these genes affect the body is called gene expression.

Study Shows No Increased Risk of Breast Cancer for Non-Carriers in Families with BRCA Gene Mutation

JCO Research Round Up
October 31, 2011

An analysis of more than 3,000 families including women with breast cancer has found that close relatives of women who carry mutations in a BRCA gene - but who themselves do not have such genetic mutations - do not have an increased risk of developing breast cancer compared to relatives of women with breast cancer who do not have such mutations.

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