Bone Cancer (Sarcoma of Bone): Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 02/2022

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about the number of people who are diagnosed with bone sarcoma each year. You will also read general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. Use the menu to see other pages.

As explained in the Introduction, primary bone sarcoma is cancer that starts in the bone. Less than 1% of all cancers are primary bone sarcomas. For adults, it is much more common for cancer that started in another place in the body to spread to the bone. The statistics below are about primary bone sarcoma.

This year, an estimated 3,910 people of all ages (2,160 men and boys and 1,750 women and girls) in the United States will be diagnosed with primary bone sarcoma. In 2020, it was estimated that about 400 of these cases occurred in people age 15 to 19.

It is estimated that 2,100 deaths (1,180 men and boys and 920 women and girls) from this disease will occur in the United States this year.

In adults, chondrosarcoma makes up most primary bone sarcomas. The next most common type of bone sarcoma in adults is osteosarcoma, followed by chordoma and Ewing sarcoma. The remaining types of bone sarcoma are rare.

In teens and children, osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma are diagnosed far more often than chondrosarcoma and other bone cancers.

The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of people live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. Survival rates in the United States for bone sarcoma depend on many factors, including the type and stage of bone sarcoma that is diagnosed.

The 5-year survival rate of people with chordoma is 82%. If the cancer is diagnosed at the localized stage, the 5-year survival rate is 87%. If the cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 83%. If the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 55%

There are multiple types of chondrosarcoma. Some are slow growing (low grade), while others are faster growing (high grade). The rates given here are the average for all types of chondrosarcoma. The 5-year survival rate of people with chondrosarcoma is 78%. If the cancer is diagnosed at the localized stage, the 5-year survival rate is 91%. If the cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 75%. If the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 22%

The 5-year survival rate of people with Ewing sarcoma is 61%. If the cancer is diagnosed at the localized stage, the 5-year survival rate is 81%. If the cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 67%. If the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 38%.

The 5-year survival rate of people with osteosarcoma is 60%. If the cancer is diagnosed at the localized stage, the 5-year survival rate is 74%. If the cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 66%. If the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 27%.

It is important to remember that statistics on the survival rates for people with bone sarcoma are an estimate and can change significantly depending on several factors. Therefore, it is important to discuss this directly with your doctor. The estimate comes from annual data based on the number of people with this cancer in the United States. Also, experts measure the survival statistics every 5 years. This means the estimate may not reflect the results of advancements in how bone sarcoma is diagnosed or treated from the last 5 years. Talk with your doctor if you have any questions about this information. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's (ACS) publications, Cancer Facts & Figures 2022 and Cancer Facts & Figures 2020; and the ACS website. (All sources accessed January 2022.)

The next section in this guide is Medical IllustrationsIt offers drawings of body parts often affected by bone sarcoma. Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide.