Brain Stem Glioma - Childhood: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 01/2022

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about the number of children and adolescents who are diagnosed with brain stem glioma each year. You will also read general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. Use the menu to see other pages.

Approximately 4,170 brain and other central nervous system (CNS) tumors will be diagnosed this year in children ages 0 to 14 in the United States.

After leukemia, CNS tumors are the second most common childhood cancer, accounting for about 26% of cancers in children younger than 15. An estimated 12% of all childhood CNS tumors are brain stem gliomas. Approximately 75% of childhood brain stem gliomas are in the pons.

The survival rate tells you what percent of children live a certain number of years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. The survival rate for children with brain stem glioma varies depending on the location of the tumor and other factors. However, about 3 in 4 children with all types of brain tumors combined survive at least 5 years after diagnosis.

It is important to remember that statistics on how many children are diagnosed with brain stem glioma are an estimate. Talk with your child’s doctor if you have any questions about this information. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's (ACS) publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2022, the ACS website, and the Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States Statistical Report: Primary Brain and Other Central Nervous System Tumors Diagnosed in the United States in 2014–2018 (published October 2021). (All sources accessed January 2022.)

The next section in this guide is Medical Illustrations. It offers drawings of the brain stem and surrounding structures. Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide.