Brain Stem Glioma - Childhood: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 03/2019

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about the number of children who are diagnosed with brain stem glioma each year. You will also read general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. Use the menu to see other pages.

Approximately 5,270 brain and other CNS tumors will be diagnosed this year in children younger than 20 in the United States. After leukemia, CNS tumors are the second most common childhood cancers, accounting for about 26% of cancer in children younger than 15. Almost 11% of all childhood CNS tumors are brain stem gliomas. Approximately 75% to 80% of childhood brain stem gliomas are in the pons.

The survival rate tells you what percent of people live a certain number of years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. The survival rate for children with brain stem glioma varies depending on the location of the tumor and other factors.

It is important to remember that statistics on the survival rates for children with brain stem glioma are an estimate. Estimates comes from annual data based on the number of children with this type of CNS tumor in the United States. Also, experts measure the survival statistics in multi-year intervals. So the estimate may not show the results of better diagnosis or recent available treatments. Talk with your child’s doctor if you have any questions about this information. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States Statistical Report: Primary Brain and Other Central Nervous System Tumors Diagnosed in the United States in 2011–2015, and the websites of the American Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute (January 2019).

The next section in this guide is Medical Illustrations. It offers drawings of body parts often affected by brain stem glioma. Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide.