Germ Cell Tumor - Childhood: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 01/2021

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about the number of children and teens who are diagnosed with a germ cell tumor each year. You will also read general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. Use the menu to see other pages.

Extracranial, extragonadal germ cell tumors are rare.

Germ cell tumors, including those that occur in the reproductive organs, account for about 3% of all tumors in children younger than 15 and about 10% in teens ages 15 to 19.

The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of people live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. The 5-year survival rate for children younger than 15 with germ cell and gonadal tumors is 90%. The 5-year survival rate for teens ages 15 to 19 is 93%.

The survival and cure rates also depend on several factors, including the stage of the disease. The cure rate for children with a stage I or stage II germ cell tumor is 90%. The cure rate for a stage III tumor is 87%. The cure rate for a stage IV tumor is 82%. Learn more about the stages of germ cell tumors.

It is important to remember that statistics on the survival rates for children and teens with a germ cell tumor are an estimate. The estimate comes from annual data based on the number of children and teens with this tumor in the United States. Talk with your child’s doctor if you have any questions about this information. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the National Cancer Institute website, St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital website, and Seigel R, et al.: Cancer Statistics 2021. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 2021 Jan; 71(1):7–33. doi/full/10.3322/caac.21654 (sources accessed January 2021).

The next section in this guide is Risk Factors. It explains the factors that may increase the chance of developing a germ cell tumor. Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide.