Lacrimal Gland Tumor: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 01/2020

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about the number of people who are diagnosed with a lacrimal gland tumor each year. You will also read general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. Use the menu to see other pages.

In general, a lacrimal gland tumor is rare. Only 1 out of 1 million people are diagnosed with this type of tumor each year.

About 55% of epithelial lacrimal gland tumors are benign and 45% are malignant. Malignant epithelial tumors of the lacrimal gland account for 2% of all orbital (eye socket) tumors. Adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC) is the most common epithelial orbital cancer, accounting for approximately 60% of malignant lacrimal gland tumors.

A lacrimal gland tumor can occur at any age. The average age of diagnosis for epithelial tumors and AdCC is 40. For lacrimal gland lymphomas, the average age of diagnosis is 70.

Survival rates depend on several factors, including the type and subtype of lacrimal gland tumor. The 15-year survival rate tells you what percent of people live at least 15 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100.

The 15-year survival rate for lacrimal gland tumors is estimated to be 25%. However, this and other survival rates depend on several factors, including the type of lacrimal gland tumor and stage of disease. For example, the 10-year survival rate of an AdCC tumor of the lacrimal gland is is approximately 20% to 30%. Talk with your doctor about what to expect with your specific diagnosis.

It is important to remember that statistics on the survival rates for people with a lacrimal gland tumor are an estimate. The estimate comes from annual data based on people with this tumor in the United States. Also, experts measure the survival statistics every 5 years. So the estimate may not show the results of better diagnosis or treatment available for less than 5 years. Talk with your doctor if you have any questions about this information. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics and adapted from the American Academy of Ophthalmology EyeWiki (accessed January 2020) and DeAngelis, Dan, MD, FRCS, "Lacrimal Gland Tumors" (published June 2017).

The next section in this guide is Risk Factors. It explains what factors may increase the chance of developing a lacrimal gland tumor. Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide.