Leukemia - Acute Myeloid - AML - Childhood: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 01/2019

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about the number of children who are diagnosed with AML each year. You will also read general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. Use the menu to see other pages.

In general, leukemia is the most common childhood cancer. AML is the second most common form of leukemia in children, after acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Childhood AML is most common during the first 2 years of life and during the teenage years. In the United States, about 730 people under age 20 are diagnosed with AML each year.

The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of children live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. The 5-year survival rate for children with all subtypes of AML is 66%. For people under 20, the 5-year survival rate is 67%. However, the survival rates for AML vary based on the subtype.

It is important to remember that statistics on the survival rates for children with AML are an estimate. The estimate comes from annual data based on the number of children with this cancer in the United States. Also, experts measure the survival statistics every 5 years. So the estimate may not show the results of better diagnosis or treatment available for less than 5 years. Talk with your child’s doctor if you have any questions about this information.  Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's (ACS) publication, Cancer Facts and Figures 2019, the ACS website (January 2019), and the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) CureSearch for Children’s Cancer.

The next section in this guide is Medical Illustrations. It offers drawings of body parts often affected by childhood AML. Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide.