ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about the number of people who are diagnosed with AML each year. You will also read general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. Use the menu to see other pages.
AML is uncommon, making up about 1% of cancers. This year, an estimated 19,940 people of all ages (11,090 men and boys and 8,850 women and girls) in the United States will be diagnosed with AML. AML is the second most common type of leukemia diagnosed in adults and children, but most cases occur in adults. AML makes up 32% of all adult leukemia cases.
AML can be diagnosed at any age, but it is uncommon in people younger than 45. The average age of diagnosis is age 68.
An estimated 11,180 deaths (6,470 men and boys and 4,710 women and girls) from AML will occur this year. The vast majority will be in adults. Although the number of new AML cases increased by 2% annually between 2007 and 2016, the number of people who died from the disease stayed stable between 2008 and 2017.
The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of people live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. The 5-year survival rate for people 20 and older with AML is about 25%. For people younger than 20, the survival rate is 67%.
However, survival depends on several factors, including biologic features of the disease and, in particular, a patient’s age (see Subtypes for more information). Although AML is a serious disease, it is treatable and often curable with chemotherapy with or without a bone marrow/stem cell transplant (see the Types of Treatment section).
It is important to remember that statistics on the survival rates for people with AML are an estimate. The estimate comes from annual data based on the number of people with this cancer in the United States. Also, experts measure the survival statistics every 5 years. So the estimate may not show the results of better diagnosis or treatment available for less than 5 years. Talk with your doctor if you have any questions about this information. Learn more about understanding statistics.
Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's (ACS) publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2020, and from the ACS website (January 2020).
The next section in this guide is Medical Illustrations. It offers drawings of body parts often affected by AML. Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide.