Vulvar Cancer: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 01/2021

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about the number of people who are diagnosed with vulvar cancer each year. You will also read general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. Use the menu to see other pages.

This year, an estimated 6,120 people in the United States will be diagnosed with vulvar cancer. Vulvar cancer makes up about 6% of cancers diagnosed in a woman’s reproductive organs and less than 1% of all cancers in women.

It is estimated that 1,550 deaths from vulvar cancer will occur this year.

The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of people live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. The 5-year survival rate for people with vulvar cancer is about 70%. However, survival rates depend on several factors, including the type of vulvar cancer and the stage of disease at the time it is diagnosed.

The 5-year survival rate for vulvar cancer that has not spread beyond the vulva is about 86%. An estimated 60% of vulvar cancer is diagnosed at this local stage. For cancer that has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is about 51%. The survival rate is about 20% if the cancer has spread to a distant part of the body.

It is important to remember that statistics on the survival rates for people with vulvar cancer are an estimate. The estimate comes from annual data based on the number of people with this cancer in the United States. Also, experts measure the survival statistics every 5 years. So the estimate may not show the results of better diagnosis or treatment available for less than 5 years. Talk with your doctor if you have any questions about this information. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's website and the National Cancer Institute’s Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program (sources accessed February 2021).

The next section in this guide is Risk Factors and Prevention. It explains the factors that may increase the chance of developing vulvar cancer and what may lower your risk. Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide.