An emergency such as a flood, fire, earthquake, or hurricane is challenging for everyone. Having cancer puts you at an even greater risk because it might be difficult to get treatment or care for yourself and your loved ones. You might also have a greater risk of infection if you are hurt or have less energy to get to safety.
This article tells you how to prepare for an emergency or natural disaster when you or a loved one has cancer.
Talk with your health care team about any natural disasters that could happen in your area. For example, does your area have hurricanes or wildfires? If so, plan for what to do in those situations. Consider finding out the following information:
Do I need extra medicines?
What should I do if I miss treatment?
Where do I go for emergency care? Try calling your insurance company to find out.
The checklist at the bottom of this page can help you make a plan.
Also plan with family, friends, and neighbors. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) provides information on making a family emergency plan, in English and Spanish. Talk to neighbors about any older family members and exchange phone numbers with them. A neighbor might be able to check on them if you cannot.
Create an emergency kit
Having emergency supplies is especially important for people with cancer. You need nutritious food, enough water, and a way to contact emergency services if needed.
Cancer and its treatment can make you more likely to get infections, such as from dirty water or other emergency conditions. So, a first-aid kit with hand sanitizer, disinfectant, and antibiotic cream is important.
Pack your emergency supplies in a waterproof container, such as a sealed plastic bag or pouch. Do not use any supplies that have touched floodwater.
Be ready to make a call or leave home
If you lose electricity, you might not be able to charge your phone for some time. Keep it charged and ready. Also, keep fuel or an electric charge in your car so you can easily get to safety if needed. You should also keep a flashlight, emergency radio, and contact information for neighbors and family members on hand.
Take shelter safely
You can stay home in some emergencies, but you might not have water, electricity, heat, or air conditioning. Think about shoes and clothing you might need, including waterproof boots or shoes and blankets or coats.
You need food and clean water for at least 3 days. Enough for 1 to 2 weeks is even better. Have a way to boil or purify water, such as water purification tablets or a pot, camping stove, and fuel. Put a can opener in your kit to open cans of food. Also store food, water, and medicines for any pets, so you do not need to share your supply with them.
You can buy food and supply kits from the American Red Cross and other organizations or make your own. Be sure to use waterproof containers. You can pack some of your food and water in a “go bag” to take if you leave your home. This bag should also include medical supplies and your medical information.
Carry your medical information
Keep the following information in a safe place in your pocket, purse, or briefcase at all times.
Your doctor’s name and phone number
Information on your type and stage of cancer
The type of cancer treatment you are having
Download Cancer.Net’s free, printable wallet card to keep track of this important information. This wallet card prints on regular printer paper and can be folded along the dotted lines to fit in your wallet or purse.
Get reliable information
News can spread fast during an emergency. Check your local news on TV, the radio, or online to find accurate weather reports and emergency information. You can also check the social media pages for your local police, fire or sheriff’s department. Remember that you might need extra time or help to get to a safe place.
Find emergency cancer care
Call your doctor’s office as soon as possible to learn what to do. ASCO has a Resources for Disaster Assistance page with resources for help in an emergency. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) also has a website with emergency resources for people with cancer in English and Spanish.
Being prepared during the COVID-19 pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic has made it even more important to prepare early for hurricane season. As you gather supplies of water and other necessary items, be sure to also have on hand the supplies you may need to protect yourself and your community from COVID-19 infection. The safest way to obtain your hurricane supplies is to have them delivered. However, if you must shop in person, avoid busy times of the day, wear a cloth face covering, and keep a distance of at least 6 feet from other people. Be sure to wash your hands after shopping in public or use hand sanitizer if you don’t have access to soap and water.
Add these important items to your preparation list this year: 2 or more cloth face coverings per person in your household, hand sanitizer, disinfecting wipes or other cleaning product to disinfect surfaces, and cloth or paper towels for cleaning. Be sure to have enough prescription and over-the-counter medications on hand to last at least a month.
Identify your evacuation plan early. Check with local officials in your area to identify a potential shelter if you are in an evacuation zone. The location of your shelter may be different this year due to the impact of COVID-19 in your area. If you plan to stay with friends or family if you need to evacuate, talk with them now about how best to keep all of you protected from COVID-19 infection. If a member of your family is at increased risk for severe COVID-19 infection due to underlying medical conditions—including chronic lung disease, cancer, heart disease, obesity, or history of a transplant—make a plan for how to keep this individual as protected as possible. For example, while staying with friends or family during a hurricane evacuation, wear masks while in the home, identify a separate bedroom (if available) or sleeping space for this high-risk person, wash hands and use hand sanitizer frequently, and regularly clean high-touch surfaces.
You can use the checklist below to get ready for an emergency. Download and print Cancer.Net’s Emergency Checklist for a reminder for what to do to prepare for an emergency.
I have talked with my cancer care team about what situation would be an emergency for me.
I have medicines and other medical supplies on hand if my doctor thinks I might need them, including enough medications for at least 1 week.
I have a first aid kid, including antiseptic spray, rubbing alcohol, or hydrogen peroxide and antibiotic cream to help prevent infections.
I have enough nutritious food and water in my home for at least 3 days, plus food and water for my pets. Food and water are stored in waterproof containers.
I have talked with family members, friends, or neighbors about the help I might need in a natural disaster, such as a flood, fire, earthquake, hurricane, tornado, or snowstorm.
I have a cell phone, emergency radio, or other way to contact 911 if needed.
I carry written information on my type of cancer, the stage, and my treatment. I also have my basic medical records and information on a flash drive or stored in the cloud. I know the passwords to get them.