Myelodysplastic Syndromes - MDS: Symptoms and Signs

This section has been reviewed and approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 10/2014

ON THIS PAGE: You will find out more about body changes and other things that can signal a problem that may need medical care. To see other pages, use the menu on the side of your screen.

People with MDS may experience the following symptoms or signs. Sometimes, people with MDS do not show any of these symptoms. Or, these symptoms may be caused by a medical condition that is not MDS.  

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • Fever
  • Bone pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Frequent infections

If you are concerned about one or more of the symptoms or signs on this list, please talk with your doctor. Your doctor will ask how long and how often you’ve been experiencing the symptom(s), in addition to other questions. This is to help find out the cause of the problem, called a diagnosis.

Relieving the symptoms caused by MDS is an important part of your care and treatment. This may also be called symptom management, palliative care, or supportive care. Be sure to talk with your health care team about symptoms you experience, including any new symptoms or a change in symptoms.

The next section helps explain what tests and scans may be needed to learn more about the cause of the symptoms. Use the menu on the side of your screen to select Diagnosis, or you can select another section, to continue reading this guide.