Improving cancer prevention is part of the mission of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). Cancer Prevention and risk-reduction strategies can greatly lower the physical, emotional, and financial burden of cancer and improve the overall health of cancer survivors, including lowering the risk of the cancer coming back or the formation of a second cancer.
Although the risk of developing cancer can be greatly reduced by avoiding risk factors, not all cancers are preventable. Review Cancer.Net's Cancer Types sections for more information about preventing specific types of cancer.
Much of the information in this section is adapted from the ASCO Curriculum, Cancer Prevention, an education resource developed by ASCO for doctors and other health care professionals who treat people with cancer.
A risk factor is anything that increases a person's chance of developing a disease, such as cancer. This section provides an overview of risk factors.
Learn about the types of statistics used to estimate cancer risk.
Find information about the goals and limitations of cancer screening and common screening tests.
Find information on how chemoprevention can slow the development of cancer.
Learn about the role of diet and nutrition in the prevention of cancer during and after treatment
Get information on the types of cancer related to human papillomavirus (HPV), the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States, as well as ways to help prevent infection.
Learn about the complex relationship between menopause, hormone replacement therapy, and cancer risk.
Find information on why maintaining a healthy weight is important for cancer prevention and recovery from cancer.
Being active lowers your risk of certain cancers. It also lowers your risk of other chronic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes. This article includes tips for encouraging activity in teens and children.
Take these simple steps to prevent skin cancer and learn how to find the disease early, when there is the greatest chance it can be successfully treated.
If you have been diagnosed with cancer and continue to smoke or use other tobacco products, you may believe it is too late to quit or there is no benefit to quitting. Some people feel deep down they don’t deserve extra help or care because smoking might have caused their cancer. However, it is never too late to stop using tobacco.