ALL is the most common type of childhood cancer. This year, an estimated 2,670 children ages 14 and younger and 410 adolescents between the ages of 15 and 19 will be diagnosed with ALL. It is most common in children younger than 5.
The five-year survival rate is the percentage of children who survive at least five years after the cancer is detected, excluding those who die from other diseases. For children diagnosed with acute leukemia, those who remain free from the disease after five years are generally considered “cured” because it is very rare for acute leukemia to recur after this amount of time. The five-year survival rate of children with ALL has greatly improved over time and is now more than 85%.
Cancer survival statistics should be interpreted with caution. These estimates are based on data from thousands of people with this type of cancer in the United States each year, but the actual risk for a particular individual may differ. It is not possible to tell a person how long he or she will live with childhood ALL. Because the survival statistics are measured in five-year intervals, they may not represent advances made in the treatment or diagnosis of this cancer. Learn more about understanding statistics.
Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society’s publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2014, and the ACS website.