Leukemia - Acute Lymphoblastic - ALL - Childhood: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 01/2019

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about the number of children who are diagnosed with ALL each year. You will also read general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. Use the menu to see other pages.

ALL is the most common type of childhood cancer. Approximately 3 of 4 children and teenagers who are diagnosed with leukemia are diagnosed with ALL. It is most common in children younger than 5, with most cases occurring between the ages of 2 and 4. It is less common in girls than boys.

The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of children live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. The 5-year survival rate for children with ALL has greatly improved over time and is now 91%. For children diagnosed with acute leukemia, those who remain free from the disease after 5 years are generally considered “cured” because it is rare for acute leukemia to recur after this amount of time.

It is important to remember that statistics on the survival rates for children with ALL are an estimate. The estimate comes from annual data based on the number of children with this cancer in the United States. Also, experts measure the survival statistics every 5 years. So the estimate may not show the results of better diagnosis or treatment available for less than 5 years. Talk with your child’s doctor if you have any questions about this information. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society’s (ACS) publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2019, and the ACS website (January 2019).

The next section in this guide is Medical Illustrations. It offers drawings of body parts often affected by childhood ALL. Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide.