HIV and AIDS-Related Cancer: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 01/2016

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about the number of people who are diagnosed with an HIV/AIDS-related cancer each year. You will read general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. Use the menu to see other pages.

Kaposi sarcoma is the most common HIV/AIDS-related cancer. It is almost 10 times more common in men than women. Due to improved HIV treatment, Kaposi sarcoma rates have decreased, with about 6 new people diagnosed each year for every 1 million people in the United States.

Better treatments have also improved survival rates for people with Kaposi sarcoma. The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of people live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. When HIV and AIDS first became widespread, the 5-year survival rate of people with Kaposi sarcoma was less than 10%. Now the most recent data shows 5-year survival rates of 73%. Approximately 56% of patients are diagnosed at the early stage of the disease.

NHL is the second most common cancer associated with HIV/AIDS. About 50% of people diagnosed with NHL have already been diagnosed with AIDS, and about 50% of people are diagnosed with NHL and AIDS at the same time.

For people with NHL and HIV/AIDS, the chance of recovery depends on a number of factors, including the stage of the lymphoma, the person’s age, the strength of the person’s immune system, and his or her health history.

Women with HIV/AIDS have a high risk of developing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Over time, CIN can eventually become invasive cervical cancer.

It is important to remember that statistics on the survival rates for people with an HIV/AIDS-related cancer are an estimate. The estimate comes from annual data based on the number of people with these types of cancer in the United States. Also, experts measure the survival statistics every 5 years. So the estimate may not show the results of better diagnosis or treatment available for less than 5 years. People should talk with their doctor if they have questions about this information. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's (ACS) publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2017: Special Section – Rare Cancers in Adults, the ACS website, and the National Cancer Institute.

The next section in this guide is Risk Factors and Prevention. It explains what factors may increase the chance of developing this disease. Or, use the menu to choose another section to continue reading this guide.