HIV/AIDS-Related Cancer: Statistics

Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 07/2017

ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about the number of people who are diagnosed with an HIV/AIDS-related cancer each year. You will also read general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. Use the menu to see other pages.

As HIV treatment has improved, Kaposi sarcoma rates have decreased, with about 6 new people diagnosed each year for every 1 million people in the United States. Men are nearly 10 times more likely than women to be diagnosed with the disease. Kaposi sarcoma is most common among black and Hispanic people in the United States. Children are rarely diagnosed with the disease.

Better treatments have also improved survival rates for people with Kaposi sarcoma. The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of people live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. When HIV and AIDS first became widespread, the 5-year survival rate of people with Kaposi sarcoma was less than 10%. Now the most recent data shows 5-year survival rates of approximately 74% for people with both HIV and Kaposi sarcoma, and this is probably an underestimate.

As with Kaposi sarcoma, improved HIV treatment regimens have also decreased the rates of NHL. About 50% of HIV-associated NHL cases occur in people who already have been diagnosed with AIDS, with the remaining people being diagnosed with NHL and AIDS at the same time.

For people with NHL and HIV/AIDS, the chance of recovery depends on several factors, including the stage of the lymphoma, the person’s age, the strength of the person’s immune system, and his or her health history.

Women with HIV/AIDS have a high risk of developing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Over time, CIN can eventually become invasive cervical cancer.

It is important to remember that statistics on the survival rates for people with an HIV/AIDS-related cancer are an estimate. The estimate comes from annual data based on the number of people with these types of cancer in the United States. Also, experts measure the survival statistics every 5 years. So the estimate may not show the results of better diagnosis or treatment available for less than 5 years. Talk with your doctor if you have any questions about this information. Learn more about understanding statistics.

Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's (ACS) publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2017: Special Section – Rare Cancers in Adults, the ACS website, and the National Cancer Institute (January 2019).

The next section in this guide is Risk Factors and Prevention. It explains what factors may increase the chance of developing HIV/AIDS-related cancer. Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide.