ON THIS PAGE: You will find information about the number of men who are diagnosed with testicular cancer each year. You will also read general information on surviving the disease. Remember, survival rates depend on several factors. Use the menu to see other pages.
This year, an estimated 9,560 men in the United St ates will be diagnosed with testicular cancer. About 1 out of 250 men and boys will be diagnosed with the disease during their lifetime. The average age of diagnosis is 33.Testicular cancer is very rare before puberty and becomes more common afterward. It is most commonly diagnosed in young and middle-aged men but can occur at any age, with 6% of cases are diagnosed in boys and adolescents and 8% of cases are diagnosed in men 55 or older.
For unknown reasons, the number of testicular cancer cases has increased for the past 40 years. However, the rate of increase has slowed down recently. Death rates also slowly declined from 1990 to 2014.
It is estimated that about 410 deaths from this disease will occur this year. These deaths are either from cancer that spread from the testicles to other parts of the body and could not be effectively treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and/or surgery or from complications from treatment.
The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of men live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. The general 5-year survival rate for men with testicular cancer is 95%. This means that 95 men out of every 100 men diagnosed with testicular cancer will live at least 5 years after diagnosis.
The survival rate is higher for men diagnosed with early-stage cancer and lower for men with later-stage cancer. For men with cancer that has not spread beyond the testicles (Stage 1; see Stages), the survival rate is 99%. Approximately 68% of men are diagnosed at this stage.
For men with cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes in the back of the abdomen, called the retroperitoneal lymph nodes, the survival rate is about 96%. But, this depends on the size of the lymph nodes with cancer. For men with cancer that has spread outside the testicles to areas beyond the retroperitoneal lymph nodes, such as to the lungs or other organs, the survival rate is 74%. About 11% of testicular cancer is diagnosed at this stage.
It is important to remember that statistics on the survival rates for men with testicular cancer are an estimate. The estimate comes from annual data based on the number of men with this cancer in the United States. Also, 5-year survival estimates are based on information that is at least 5 years old. So the estimate may not show the results of better diagnosis or treatment available for less than 5 years. Talk with your doctor if you have questions about this information. Learn more about understanding statistics.
Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's (ACS) publications, Cancer Facts & Figures 2019 and Cancer Facts & Figures 2017: Special Section – Rare Cancers in Adults, and the ACS website (January 2019).
The next section in this guide is Medical Illustrations. It offers drawings of body parts often affected by testicular cancer. Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide.